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Adoption

Folsom Adoption Lawyers

Helping Families Navigate the California Adoption Process

Adoption is a compassionate and life-changing process that connects children in need of families with individuals or couples eager to provide them with love and care. That makes adoption a wonderful option for many families, but it is important to gather as much information as possible before making any decisions. If you are considering adoption in California, make sure to work with an experienced Folsom adoption attorney who can help you navigate the legal and emotional complexities of this type of adoption.

At the Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C., our experienced family law attorneys are committed to helping families find the right adoption solution for their unique needs. Contact us today to learn more about our adoption services, and let us help you make the right choice for your family. 

The Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. is available by phone at (916) 794-4576 or you can simply send us a message online to speak with an adoption lawyer near you.

Different Types of Adoption

While the ultimate goal is to provide a loving and stable home for a child, adoption can take various forms to suit different circumstances. Here are some of the most common types of adoption in California:

Domestic Adoption

Domestic adoption is the most common type of adoption and involves adopting a child who is born in the same country as the adoptive parents. In a domestic adoption, the birth parents voluntarily relinquish their parental rights, and the child is placed with an adoptive family, either through a private adoption agency or a public agency like the state's child welfare department. Domestic adoption can be open, semi-open, or closed, depending on the level of communication and contact between the adoptive and birth families.

International Adoption

International adoption, also known as inter-country adoption, involves adopting a child from a country different from that of the adoptive parents. International adoption requires adherence to the laws and regulations of both the child's home country and the adoptive parents' home country. The process can be complex due to international treaties, immigration requirements, and various legal considerations. Families must often work with accredited adoption agencies and secure immigration clearance to bring the child to their home country.

Independent Adoption

Independent adoption, also referred to as a private or direct adoption, is a process where the adoptive parents and the birth mother, or birth parents, agree on the adoption without the intermediation of an adoption agency. This type of adoption allows for a more personal and direct communication between the parties involved. It requires legal representation to ensure that the adoption complies with state laws, and that the rights and interests of all parties, including the child, are protected. In independent adoptions, adoptive parents often have the opportunity to meet and form a relationship with the birth parents, and agreements about the level of openness in the adoption can be made. While it offers a more intimate approach to adoption, navigating the legal requirements without an agency's guidance emphasizes the need for skilled legal assistance to smooth the process.

Agency Adoption

Agency adoption is a route many prospective parents choose, where the adoption process is facilitated by either a public or private adoption agency. These agencies are licensed entities that work to match children with adoptive families, ensuring that the child’s best interests are at the forefront. In agency adoptions, the agency takes on the responsibility of conducting home studies, providing adoptive and birth parents with counseling, and handling the legal paperwork. This type of adoption can provide additional support and resources to both the adoptive parents and the birth parents through the entire process, from the initial application to post-adoption support. Public agencies generally focus on finding homes for children in the foster care system, while private agencies might facilitate adoptions for infants or children from abroad.

Foster Care Adoption

Foster care adoption occurs when a child in the foster care system becomes legally available for adoption. These children are typically placed in foster care due to abuse, neglect, or other difficult circumstances. When it is determined that the child cannot return to their birth family, they may become available for adoption. Foster care adoption provides a permanent and loving home to children who have faced adversity in their early years.

Kinship Adoption

Kinship adoption, also known as relative adoption, takes place when a child is adopted by a relative or close family friend. This type of adoption is often sought when the child's birth parents are unable or unwilling to care for them. Kinship adoption aims to keep children within their extended family or social network to maintain important relationships and connections.

Stepchild Adoption

Stepchild adoption is a type of adoption where a stepparent legally adopts their spouse's child from a previous relationship. This process solidifies the stepparent's legal relationship with the child, granting them parental rights and responsibilities. It often occurs when the stepparent plays a significant caregiving role in the child's life and wishes to take on a formal parental role.

Adult Adoption

Adult adoption involves the legal adoption of an individual who is already an adult, typically over the age of 18. The motivations for adult adoption can vary, but it often serves to formalize an existing parent-child relationship, provide inheritance rights, or offer emotional closure for both parties. Adult adoption typically requires the consent of both the adopting and adopted adults.

Special Needs Adoption

Special needs adoption refers to adopting a child with physical, emotional, or developmental challenges. These children often face difficulties in finding permanent homes, and special needs adoption focuses on providing them with the love, support, and resources they require to thrive.

Same-Sex Adoption

Same-sex adoption involves couples or individuals from the LGBTQ+ community adopting children. In many countries, same-sex couples have the same adoption rights as heterosexual couples, though the legal landscape can vary. Same-sex adoption has played a significant role in expanding the diversity of adoptive families and promoting inclusivity in the adoption process.

Step-Child Adoption Process in California

Typically, at the beginning of a contested stepparent adoption case, a petition to terminate parental rights must be filed simultaneously with the stepparent adoption petition. This means that the Court will determine if parental rights should stay in place long before ever getting to the question of whether you are fit to adopt as a step-parent. The Court will also appoint an investigator to conduct background checks, home assessments and, interviews of all the parties involved, including the biological parents, the step-parent, and even the child.

Dependency Adoption

A dependency adoption is when someone who has assumed the role of a parent to a child who is not biologically their own is granted parenting rights. Whether the child’s biological parent is abusive, neglectful, or otherwise unable to properly care for their child, a dependency adoption allows a capable caregiver to step in and take over the parenting role. If you have become the primary caregiver for someone else’s child and are seeking custody or parenting rights, the Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. can help.

Can an Adoption Attorney Help Birth Parents?

Adoption attorneys also assist birth parents through the complex process of finding a family for their child. They provide invaluable support by ensuring that the birth parents' rights are protected, helping them understand their legal options, and guiding them through the necessary legal procedures. An adoption attorney can also facilitate communication between birth parents and adoptive families, ensuring that agreements concerning the level of openness in the adoption are clearly established and legally recognized. By providing representation and legal counsel, adoption attorneys help birth parents make informed decisions that align with their wishes for their child's future, contributing to a smoother and more secure adoption process for all involved.

Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. Private Adoption Legal Counsel

Choosing to adopt a child is a noble act and a way to help provide a family for a little one. Having a Folsom adoption attorney by your side is crucial to the success of a private adoption. Whether you are planning to adopt domestically or internationally, the Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. can walk you through the process and assist you every step of the way.

Adoption is a gift to many children who are in need of a role model, a loving parent, and a family that cares about them. Whether you are seeking legal rights as the parent of a stepchild or a child abroad, the legal process can be convoluted and challenging. Seek guidance from the Law Office of Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. Our adoption attorneys in Folsom offer high-quality representation and compassionate legal counsel to help your family grow.

Contact our firm online or call (916) 794-4576 to learn more from an experienced adoption lawyer near you.

California Adoption FAQ

Do I need an attorney for adoption?

Yes, a Folsom adoption attorney can provide invaluable assistance in navigating the legal complexities of California adoption, ensuring all legal requirements are met and your rights are protected.

What are the requirements for adopting a child in California?

Requirements vary depending on the type of adoption, but generally include background checks, home studies, and legal paperwork. Our adoption lawyers can guide you through the specific requirements for your situation.

How long does the adoption process take?

The timeline for adoption in California can vary widely based on the type of adoption and individual circumstances. It can range from several months to a few years.

Can birth parents change their mind after adoption?

In California, birth parents have a set period during which they can revoke their consent to adoption. After this period, the consent becomes irrevocable, barring any instances of fraud or duress.

What is the cost of adoption?

Adoption costs can vary depending on the type of adoption and the services required. We provide a clear and transparent fee structure during your initial consultation.

How does foster care adoption differ from private adoption?

Foster care adoption involves adopting a child from the foster care system and often has different legal requirements and procedures compared to private adoption. Our attorneys can help you understand the differences and navigate the process effectively.

Can same-sex couples adopt in California?

Yes, same-sex couples have the same rights as opposite-sex couples to adopt children in California. We provide legal support to ensure a smooth and equitable adoption process.

For more information or to schedule a consultation, contact Tiffany L. Andrews, P.C. today. Let us help you make your adoption dreams a reality.

  • “Review of Tiffany Andrews”
    Very responsible and professional lawyer in my opinion. Represented me well and got me what I wanted. As well, provided me with good solid solutions for my situation and gave sound advice. Highly recommend to anyone else.
    - George
  • “Thank you beyond measure to Tiffany Andrews!”
    Tiffany Andrews has been a huge help to me in my custody/parentage case. Not only has she eased my mind in this whole process, but has educated and guided me on/through this every step of the way! Extremely knowledgable, professional and timely with responses to my every question. Thank you beyond measure to Tiffany Andrews!
    - Sarah
  • “Professional and Effective”
    I retained Tiffany Andrews to accomplish my divorce and am pleased with the service provided. My ex-wife was very uncooperative at times and prolonged the divorce unnecessarily. Tiffany was able to move things along and eventually get her to complete her part of the necessary paperwork. Further, I am in the military and was deployed while the process was ongoing. Even though I was half a world away Tiffany and her staff were able to keep me abreast of the situation and worked with me to sign paperwork and keep things rolling. I would highly recommend Tiffany Andrews to those in need of legal services.
    - Previous Client
  • “Pleased with Service”
    This law office has been amazing. Brenda is as great as the legal team that represents cases for families. I would recommend this law office. We are very pleased with their professionalism.
    - Previous Client
  • “Excellent Attorney!”
    Tiffany and her office have been Great. I am going through a difficult divorce. So far she has been there for me when I have concerns. In court, she has brought her A+ game. She is very detailed. Tiffany has been able to get full standard on alimony, which is what I wanted. And lawyer fees. For the first time in a long time, I am hopeful of a positive outcome.
    - Previous Client
  • “Very Knowledgeable Attorney”
    I'm the father in the middle of a dependency juvenile hearing. Tiffany Andrews is an upfront, honest and sincere attorney with knowledge in this area that surpasses any other attorney I've consulted with. She was able to educate me and inform me of the different directions my case could go. She gives great advice, something that not all attorneys give, and gives me the facts of what she sees, not sugar coating it. If you're looking for a caring and dedicated family law attorney, I highly recommend Tiffany Andrews.
    - Vincent
  • “Tiffany Gave Me a Voice!”
    I hired Tiffany to help me in a custody dispute with my ex regarding my young son. During the entirety of my previous relationship and even after separation my ex had intimidated me and dominated any decision made regarding my son. He bullied me and used his financial advantage to make me feel that I didn't stand a chance against him when he filed to take majority custody of our son. I went into the custody dispute feeling weak but as a mother, I would go to any length, at any cost to fight for my son. Tiffany and her staff gave me so much confidence and ensured me that they would be my voice and help me fight for my rights as a mother and that is exactly what she did. Tiffany was extremely thorough, knowledgeable, compassionate, and honest. She did her job and she did it well. Tiffany was very aggressive while staying very professional in front of the judge. I walked out of the courtroom feeling empowered and protected. My family cannot ever thank her and her staff enough. I would recommend her to anyone that finds themselves in a family dispute. She will give you the justice you and your family deserve.
    - Cheyenne
  • “Great Dependency Lawyer”
    Great dependency lawyer. Was able to make strong arguments with very little information. Super sharp.
    - Previous Client
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